Ans: A citizen of India who stays abroad for employment or is carrying on business or vocation outside India or stays abroad for a period over 182 days is an NRI.
Ans: Under the provisions of Foreign Exchange Management Act a person of Indian origin is an individual (other than a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal, Bhutan) who at any time held an Indian passport, or he or his father or his grandfather was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955).
Ans: (a) Any Adult person
(i) Who is a citizen of another country, but was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after, the commencement of the constitution, or
(ii) Who is a citizen of another country, but was eligible to become a citizen of India at the time of the commencement of the constitution, or
(iii) Who is a citizen of another country, but belongs to a territory that became part of India after the 15th Day of August, 1947.
(iv) Who is a child of such a citizen
Ans: No, PIOs and NRIs do not need any permission from the RBI to purchase residential or commercial property in India (except for the purchase of agricultural land/ plantation property/ farm house).
Ans: Sale proceeds of the real estate property other than the farmhouse / agricultural land / plantation property may be remitted out of India through fulfillment of definite conditions.
Ans: Yes. The NRIs may obtain loans. Nevertheless, repayment of the loan must be made within the period not surpassing 15 years by inward remittances or from funds held in borrower's NRO/NRE/FCNR accounts.
Ans: Yes. The general permission is given by the RBI to the PIOs and NRIs to transfer through the way of gift, real estate property, held with them in India to relatives or charitable trusts or organizations, subject to certain conditions and compliance of applicable laws.
Ans: Payment can be made either by inward remittances in the foreign exchange, using the normal banking channels or out of funds through NRO/NRE/FCNR accounts of any Indian banks.
Ans: Applications for repatriation can be made provided the sale takes place after three years from the date of final purchase deed or from the date of payment of final installment amount, whichever is later.
Ans: Applications for remittance of sale proceeds should be made in form IPI 8 to the Central Office of RBI. Mumbai within 90 days of the sale of the property.
Ans: Here is the list of documents needed for buying property in India.
Ans: Any income accruing from the ownership of property in the form of rent, annual value of the house and/or capital gains arising on the sale of this property is taxable in the hands of the owner.
Ans: Rental income earned is taxable in India, and they will have to obtain a PAN and file return of income if they have rented this property. On sale of the property, the profit on sale shall be subject to Capital Gain Tax (Long term or short term depending upon the duration of the property held before selling)
Ans: India has DTAA's with several countries. However, in case of sale of immovable property, the DTAA with most countries provide that the capital gains will be taxed in the country where the immovable property is situated. Hence, the non-resident will be subject to tax in India on the capital gains which arise on the sale of immovable property in India. Letting of immovable property in India would be taxed in India under most tax treaties in view of the fact that the property is situated in India.
Ans: In case the non-resident pays any tax on capital gains arising in India, he would normally be able to obtain a tax credit in respect of the taxes paid in India in the home country, because the income in India would also be included in the country of tax residence. The amount of the tax credit that can be claimed are specified in the respective country's DTAA and is also dependent on the laws of the home country where the tax payer is a tax resident.
A. Non Resident External Account (NRE)
An NRE account is a Rupee denominated account. That is, funds in an NRE account are maintained in Indian Rupees. It can be a savings, current or a fixed / term deposit account.
Advantages of NRE Accounts
Disadvantages of NRE Accounts
Tip: NRE Account are best suitable for people who needs to make payments in INR or want to make investments in India from his/her overseas earnings and at the same time you want your Rupee savings to be freely Repatriable.
B. Non Resident Ordinary Accounts (NRO)
NRO accounts are also rupee denominated account. This means that the foreign currency is converted to Indian rupees at the prevailing foreign exchange rates when the money is deposited into the account.
Advantages of NRO Accounts
Disadvantages of NRO Accounts
Tip: NRO Accounts are best suitable for people who want to deposit his income in India from sources such as rent, dividends etc., and you want your investments in India to fetch higher returns.
C. Foreign Currency Non Resident Account (FCNR)
FCNR accounts are denominated in foreign currency. The source of funds deposited into FCNR accounts have to be from sources abroad. They can also be from your other NRE or FCNR accounts.
Advantages of FCNR Accounts
Disadvantages of FCNR Accounts
Tip: FCNR Accounts are best suitable for people who wish to keep his overseas savings in India but do not want to convert them in INR.
Disclaimer: These are the broad guidelines meant for ready reference with respect to acquisition and transfer of immovable property in India by NRI/PIO/OCI and in each case prospective buyer or seller of property in India must consult his/her own legal/finance/tax advisor and obtain suitable advise for their specific transaction. Ace Riverside Pvt. Ltd. assumes no responsibility or legal liability for transactions entered into by placing reliance on these FAQs. These guidelines are as applicable as on 31st January 2011 and are subject to amendment by the regulatory authority. Ace Riverside Pvt. Ltd. assumes no responsibility for updating these FAQs.